Arid Lands Resource Management Project II
Arid Lands Resource Management Project is a community-based drought management project of the Kenya Government (GoK) that utilises a credit facility from the World Bank.
The first phase of the Project was initiated in 1996 after the World Bank-funded Emergency Drought Recovery Project (EDRP), which operated from 1992 to 1995, came to an end.
While the EDRP was a quick-fix project to mitigate the effects of severe drought, ALRMP is a longer-term development-oriented project focusing on institutionalisation and mainstreaming of drought management activities in the Kenya Government system. The first phase ended on June 30, 2003.
The achievements of ALRMP 1 were considerable but it was not possible to move towards full institutionalisation of processes due to the nearly persistent drought emergency situation during the implementation period.
It is because of this, among other reasons, that the second phase of the ALRMP was proposed. ALRMP II was launched in September 2003, with initial coverage of 22 arid and semi-arid districts, and was to be implemented over six years (2003-2009).
The Project suffered the effects of a severe drought in 2005, which saw the Government spend enormous resources on emergency measures such as water trucking, livestock vaccination and treatment, drought-related human health and nutrition interventions, prevailing disease outbreaks and emergency livestock off-take.
The World Bank supervision mission witnessed the effects of the drought during the 2006 ALRMP II midterm review. The Bank then gave 'retroactive funding' to the GoK as a form of compensation for the funds some GoK ministries had relocated from development activities for use during drought emergency; and additional funds to boost ALRMP II activities, including the Drought Contingency Fund (DCF) kitty.
The funding enabled expansion of ALRMP II to an additional six semi-arid districts, raising coverage from 22 to 28 arid and semi-arid districts. The project was also extended by one year (2003- 2010) to provide adequate time for utilisation of the additional funds.
Project core functions:
- Coordinate the formulation and implementation of policies and institutional framework for drought management.
- Coordinate the mobilization of resources for drought management.
- Coordinate all stakeholders in drought disaster risk reduction and management.
- Empowering communities to effectively manage their own development.
- Creating an enabling environment for ASAL developmentMonitoring and Evaluation of the drought disaster management programme.
The functions will be implemented through the following components:
- Drought Management
- Natural Resource Management
- Community Driven Development
- Support To Local Development
Drought Management Initiative
Development partners have been supporting ALRMP activities. One such support is from the EC through the Drought Management Initiative (DMI) Programme initiated in 2007. DMI is a four- year project implemented within the ALRMP II framework.
DMI?s objective is to contribute to the improved effectiveness and efficiency of the drought management system in Kenya by strengthening the capacity to intervene in an appropriate, effective and timely fashion during the drought cycle.
Some key DMI activities that support ALRMP drought management activities include:
- Provision of additional financial resources for the existing DCF.
- Improvement and harmonisation of the regulations, administrative and financial procedures governing the DCF and its transformation into the NDCF.
- Establishment of close coordination mechanism between the DCF/NDCF and other drought management structures and institutions, and provision of support to the Early Warning System.
- Building on the ALRMP process of legalising the role and the capacity building of the District Steering Groups (DSG?s) as key components of drought coordination and early warning at the district level.
- Fostering the formulation and adoption of policy documents moving towards the formalisation of drought management structures.
- Setting up of a flexible disbursement grant system with locally based implementing agencies receiving funds from ECHO to implement recovery programmes that Link Relief Rehabilitation and Development (LRRD) activities in order to ensure a smooth transition from the emergency phase to the recovery phase including disaster prevention and preparedness mechanisms.
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